Saturday, July 2, 2022

10 Best Philosophers In The World

We, humans, are curious about knowing the meaning of our life. That’s why we turn to philosophy. Philosophy is a Greek term meaning “love of wisdom.” It is a study of some basic issues of life, such as reality, logic, mind, behavior, and more. Philosophy promotes rational thinking and is the foundation of all knowledge. This makes philosophy existentially useful for the development of society.

Hinduism is an example of philosophy. It details four objectives of human life, including Dharma, Artha, Kama, and Moksha. Here, Dharma refers to duties while Artha means wealth. Likewise, Kama indicates desires and Moksha is all about salvation.

10 Best Philosophers In The World

Now that we’ve discussed what philosophy is, you must be curious to know who are the best philosophers in the world. Just read on, here’re the top 10 of them.

1. Aristotle

AristotleFor many, Aristotle is the “Father of Western Philosophy.” Unsurprisingly, he was a learned man who could read several languages. The philosopher contributed to different branches of Philosophy like Speculative philosophy, which includes logic, metaphysics, and epistemology.

His contributions to the field of Natural Physiology are immense. He worked in areas, such as physics, astronomy, geology, biology, and psychology. As it turns out to be, Aristotle covered diverse topics, many of which were not talked about before his time.

2. Immanuel Kant

Immanuel KantImmanuel Kant was a German Philosopher with contributions to multiple domains of philosophy. That made him one of the most influential figures in modern western philosophy. The world remembers him for his works in the epistemology of transcendental idealism.

Kant argued that space and time are just a form of intuition. According to him, we think about objects through our understanding and experience them through judgment. Also, his moral philosophy of practical reason autonomy is highly appreciated.

3. John Locke

John_LockeJohn Locke is an English Physicist and arguably one of the best philosophers in the world. They also call him “the Father of Liberalism.” He is one of the first British empiricists and founder of the school in Philosophy. His biggest work is the “Theory of Mind.” It deals with the origin of modern conceptions of identity and self.

Given his body of work, Locke was an influential man with remarkable contributions to Physical and Moral Science. Also, we acknowledge him for his Letter Concerning Toleration, and efforts in drafting the Constitution of Carolina.

4. Zeno of Citium

Zeno of CitiumHe was a Hellenistic Philosopher of Phoenician Origin born in 334 BC. Zeno founded the Stoic School in Philosophy, which is his biggest contribution. Stoicism is all about living a virtuous life close to Mother Nature. This lifestyle, according to Zeno could bring peace of mind.

Zeno divided Philosophy into three parts, namely logic, Physics, and ethics. Unfortunately, none of his original works survived except fragmentary quotations. His other notable work is Zeno’s Republic. Though the work doesn’t survive, it is more known than any of his other works.

5. Epicurus

EpicurusEpicurus was an ancient Greek Philosopher who founded Epicureanism, a highly influential school of Philosophy. In his impressive career, the philosopher originally wrote over 300 works. His major works include Physics, ethics, epistemology, and theology, among others.

He is credited with writing the famous, Letter to Menoeceus, Pythocles, and Herodotus. Unfortunately, the majority of his works are lost. But a few of his quotes and other writings have survived.

6. Plato

PlatoThe list of the best philosophers in the world is incomplete with Plato. He is associated with two of the most influential philosophers ever in history, Aristotle and Socrates. Aristotle was his student and Socrates, his teacher. They also call him the founder of western religion and spirituality.

We know very little about his early life and education. However, what we know is that Pythagoras and Socrates had a great influence on Plato. His contributions are remarkable in metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, politics, and art & poetry. Plato’s notable works include thirty-five dialogues and thirteen letters (epistles). Aristotle, his worthy student, carried his legacy exceptionally well. No wonder, Plato’s ideas were visible in Aristotle’s work.

7. Confucius

ConfuciusConfucius was a Chinese Philosopher and Politician. In fact, he’s among the most influential people in human history. He founded a school of philosophy, Confucianism, which is a part of the Chinese way of life.

Confucianism emphasizes personal and government morality, and the correctness of social relationships. Confucius’ philosophies are a queer mixture of politics and ethics. His philosophy turned into various sets of rules gathering many followers and practitioners.

8. David Hume

David HumeDavid Hume was a Scottish Philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist. He is best known for his Philosophical empiricism, skepticism, and naturalism. Also, Hume comes across as a Sentimentalist who believed that ethics are a result of emotions and sentiments.

He believed that self-experience is only a bundle of sensations and self-made perceptions. “A kind of history of my life,” and “A treatise of human nature” are a few of his best works. Both were written in the mid 18th century.

9. Rene Descartes

Rene DescartesHe is a French Philosopher, Mathematician, and Scientist, also known as the “father of modern philosophy.” His contributions are remarkable in the fields of Physics, Science as well as Maths. Moreover, Descartes’ work in epistemology has been extensive. This includes Dualism, which explains the connection between mind and body.

However, what makes him one of the best philosophers in the world is his versatility. He also contributed to Physiology, Psychology, Moral Philosophy, Religion, and Natural Science, among other fields.

10. Socrates

SocratesHe was a Classical Greek Philosopher. You can call him one of the founders of Western Philosophy, and the first Moral Philosopher of the Western ethical tradition of thought. Socrates is best known for his contribution to the fields of Ethics and Epidemiology. His most important contribution is the dialectic method of inquiry, also known as the Socrative method of “elenchus.”

Socrates wrote a majority of his ideas in the form of Paradoxes. For him, virtue is more important than wealth. The philosopher also contributed to the field of politics. He was a firm believer in “I know that I know nothing.” Socrates seemed to support the mystical side of reincarnation and mystical religions. Many consider it as an act of covertness.

Conclusion

The philosophy itself makes us think about the universe differently. Throughout history, we have seen some brilliant philosophers who led to the creation of new knowledge. They came up with some unique ideas about the world we live in and changed our perception for good. So, with a list of the best philosophers in the world ever, we celebrate their work and contributions.

Apurva Singh
Apurva Singh
There's so much we don't know, there are so many places we've never been to, there are so many people we haven't met! I believe one should be a Wanderer to explore the world and a dweller to explore life. Apart from being a Science student and currently pursuing my B. Tech, I've always been a book nerd, writer and a speaker as well.

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