CentOS vs Ubuntu, it’s like two champions in a ring. One is based on Fedora, while the other is based on Debian. When it comes to characteristics, both have a lot in common yet are diametrically opposite. It’s natural to be perplexed about which Operating System (OS) to install on your computer, especially if you’re unfamiliar with the subject.
So, to help you out, we’ve put up a full comparison of the two. Besides, concentrating on the difference between CentOS and Ubuntu, we will go through what they are and what their features, benefits, and downsides are.
Difference Between CentOS and Ubuntu
What is Ubuntu?
Let’s start with the basic questions – what is Ubuntu? And, are Linux and Ubuntu the same? Well, Ubuntu is a part of the Linux OS (Operating System) team, built and supported by Canonical Limited. It can be accessed at no cost for private and official use. Under the first edition, Ubuntu PC was released. Later variations for Server and Core were created, which are used in IoT and Robotics.
The Ubuntu society supports a charter, which states:
- People should be able to use the software in their regional language.
- Individuals should be permitted to modify and update software as they deem fit.
- There should be no restriction whatsoever in using the software.
From the Linux kernel version 5.4 through GNOME 3.28, Ubuntu offers a wide range of applications that covers all bases, including:
- Spreadsheets and word processors
- Internet access
- Server software for the Internet
- Servers for email
- Tools and software for development
- A wonderful selection of games
Features of Ubuntu
Here are a few features of Ubuntu. Going through them is vital to understand the Linux vs Ubuntu comparison.
1. Office software
LibreOffice, a tool included with Ubuntu, allows us to create office files, workbooks, and presentations. LibreOffice is an open-source suite that is compatible with Microsoft Office. That means we can easily and quickly open and modify files like Word documents, PowerPoint presentations, and Excel spreadsheets, as well as share them with others. Google Docs may be accessed from a PC as well.
2. Open source OS
The code at Ubuntu is openly published throughout the development period.
3. Web Browsing
Throughout the innovation phase, the code at Ubuntu is freely disclosed. Because they are open about their plans for future releases, you may start building Ubuntu apps and systems as a developer, hardware designer, or integrator right away.
4. No antivirus
The security features of the Windows platform are highly contradictory. Most of the companies that provide Windows operating systems also make a lot of money by offering products that safeguard Windows programs against security issues.
5. Hardware configuration
It is another feature of Ubuntu Debian. The vast majority of device drivers are pre-installed, which makes it a good option. That’s the key difference between Debian and Ubuntu.
6. Software repository
Ubuntu’s software repository can be installed in seconds. Apart from being free and safer than .exe files obtained from unknown sources, installing programs from a central place is easy and efficient.
7. Multiple desktops
Split web browsing is analogous to virtual desktops. We don’t realize how helpful they are until we put them to use. There are several third-party software for the same purpose on Windows, but only a few of them operate effectively with Vista and above.
Advantages of Ubuntu
Wondering what is Ubuntu used for and why? Read on to know.
- Highly secure
- It has a free and transparent OS
- Can be used without installation
- Completely customizable
- A full desktop operating system
- Assists Window tiling
Disadvantages of Ubuntu
Some loopholes are inherent in Ubuntu and you need to know them to understand the Centos vs Ubuntu comparison.
- Has compatibility issues with software applications and tools.
- Several alternative Linux operating systems are far superior to Ubuntu.
- Open-source software has commercialization challenges.
- It’s crammed with uninteresting and out-of-date video game titles.
What is CentOS?
The CentOS project has created a Linux system called CentOS. It was first published on May 14, 2004. It offers consumers Red Hat Enterprise Linux, which is an open and free computing platform completely compatible with its source code. It is built on FedoraOS.
CentOS is an application framework, which is one of the finest and highly efficient systems available in the OS market. It is a free software project that aims to create a stable foundation for open-sourced communities to flourish. It is versatile, sturdy, and reliable. CentOS also includes multiple organizational security upgrades, making it an ideal option for any application.
CentOS is popular among programmers and software operators because it offers them absolute control over their open-source software applications. It is safe, reliable, and has a big and dedicated community. It continues to be the best bet for server operating systems due to its durability.
Features of CentOS
Let’s have a look at CentOS features that make it stand out and help you get to the gist of the difference between CentOS and Ubuntu.
1. High performance and Stability
It interconnects using a kernel-based Virtual Engine and delivers high stability and performance.
2. Updates and support
CentOS editions are upgraded approximately every 6 months. And, each version has a 10-year support period.
3. Linux distributions
CentOS is backed by a committed development team that keeps it updated and assures connectivity with both old and new programs. Moreover, programmers are supported by an international society of volunteers that test pre-launched versions, handle upgrades, and provide development assistance.
Red Hat has a 24/7 active security staff that is extremely effective in identifying threats and ensuring excellent security.
Advantages of CentOS
Let us brief you on some advantages of CentOS.
- CentOS is quick, efficient, and light.
- It is free to use, transparent, and corporation-ready.
- It also has a wonderful community support infrastructure.
- The CentOS distribution has the same functionality as the commercialized RHEL.
- CentOS is often preferred above other freely accessible, transparent Linux distros due to its stability and minimal software upgrades.
Disadvantages of CentOS
Let us now go through CentOS’s cons.
- The GUI interface is less interactive.
- As a laptop and desktop OS, it lacks end-user dominance.
- CentOS is not ideal for moderate learners.
- The lifespan of CentOS is limited.
Ubuntu vs CentOS: Key Points to Remember
We have led you through both the OS and studied them individually. Let’s see the specific difference between Ubuntu and CentOS.
- Red Hat in conjunction with the CentOS project developed the CentOS. Canonical on the other hand developed Ubuntu.
- CentOS is built on the Fedora operating system while Ubuntu is built on Debian OS.
- CentOS was launched in April 2007 while Ubuntu was in October 2004.
- CentOS has Yum as its package manager while Ubuntu has Apt as its package manager.
- CentOS is more stable and secure as compared to Ubuntu.
- CentOS is suited for the corporate world while Ubuntu attracts beginners.
- CentOS has built-in support for KVM virtualization. Ubuntu, on the other hand, has KVM and Xen virtualization.
CentOS vs Ubuntu: Head to Head Comparison
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When it comes to CentOS vs Ubuntu, both are excellent operating systems. Many individuals prefer CentOS to Ubuntu, and vice-versa. Ubuntu is more suitable for beginners, but CentOS is better suited for businesses and professionals. We recommend that you install any of them depending on your specific requirements.
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