Have you taken your second dose of the COVID 19 Vaccine? Here’s what after-vaccination precautions you should follow. So, you have taken the Covid vaccine shot after waiting for days or even months. But if you think you can now meet your friends, go to a public gathering and skip masks, it’s time to wake up and smell the coffee. We, as a race, are yet to achieve herd immunity. Even though a certain percentage of our population has become immune to COVID-19, the risk isn’t over yet.
Only 13% of the total Indian population is vaccinated till September 2021. The requirement for vaccines is massive and the production cannot match it. That calls for maintaining some after vaccination precautions and COVID-appropriate behavior. Read on, as we discuss all what to do and what to avoid once you get your jab. Plus, we will be diving deep into the process of making a vaccine.
Covid-19 Do’s and Don’ts after Vaccination Precautions
The development of Covid Vaccine
When it comes to creating a safe and efficacious vaccine, it takes a ton of time. The whole process involves the development of the vaccine, clinical trials, and authorization from the government for its manufacturing and distribution. And, during any part of this process, a vaccine can be given a red flag if issues surface in it.
During the production and the development of the Covid vaccine, all the protocols were followed in addition to the latest guidelines followed by doctors and scientists. Given below, we elaborate on the Covid vaccine development process from the lab to you.
The Initial Development
No matter how urgently we need it, a vaccine first needs to be tested. But before testing, scientists need to put in a lot of working hours to create a vaccine for the particular virus. The Covid vaccine was developed by creating a vaccine that can defend the body against severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). These two viruses gave birth to a new virus that we know as coronavirus.
Once the development is complete and scientists are able to find a vaccine for the specific virus, the next step involves trials. There are three phases of clinical trials and the Covid vaccine also passed through all these three phases. These three phases are initialized one at a time, and regardless of the urgency, these phases are not overlapped at any cost.
Besides, more than 1000 people for each testing phase volunteered to help the scientist find out how safe and effective the vaccine is. The trial also noted down how many people got sick after getting their first dose of Covid vaccine injection. Also, the trials compared the outcomes between the vaccinated and the ones who are yet to be. The idea is to determine what difference the vaccine makes to their bodies.
Authorization & Approval
Now the covid vaccine has passed all the tests thrown at it, the last thing the government needs to do is make the vaccine available for the common people. The FDA monitors the vaccine distribution globally while ensuring the public is aware of the problems and the effects of the vaccine. It’s all about post-vaccine care to prevent masses from panicking.
The FDA decides the age and how many doses need to be provided to each individual. Right now, the FDA has made it official that even teenagers aged 16 or above can get themselves vaccinated at their nearest vaccination point. But before the announcement, the FDA did all the tests and trials to uphold safety and efficacy standards.
Types Of Covid Vaccine
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), there are 19 different types of vaccines manufactured by different companies. With more companies come faster production rates and better dosage percentages. In addition, all these 19 vaccines use one of the many methods to make a vaccine. These include:
The Whole-Microbe Approach
This is the most straightforward method. Herein, we take a disease-carrying virus or one which is quite like it. Then we try to inactivate it or kill it using some chemicals and even radiation. The methods used by doctors and scientists to kill the virus are all safe. These approaches are precisely the same as the ones used to make vaccines for flu and polio.
In this method, the virus used to find the vaccine is a weakened version of the virus. This approach led to the creation of vaccines that treated measles, mumps, and chickenpox. Doctors use similar methods as done in inactivated vaccines, so the manufacturing of the vaccine can be done on a large scale. But this vaccine comes with a trade-off. It might not be suitable for people with compromised immune systems.
Viral Vector Vaccine
Scientists take specific sub-parts of a safe virus called protein and use it to trigger the immune response without causing the virus to multiply itself. To this end, the instructions are sent to the particular part of the pathogen, which is inserted into a safe virus. Once the insertion is complete, the safe virus works as a vector to deliver the protein into the body. This results in the protein triggering of the immune response.
This type of vaccine manufacturing uses only the specific part of the vaccine or a virus. This part of the virus is all the immune system needs to recognize and take action accordingly. This approach doesn’t contain the whole microbe. These subunits can be protein or sugars. The vaccines for children are mostly subunit vaccines.
The genetic method uses the weakened or the whole dead microbe or specific parts. For example, a vaccine created by nucleic acid uses a small section of the genetic material, which gives the immune system the instruction to release the specific protein to fight the disease. Both the DNA and the RNA are used to provide instructions to our cells to make the required protein. In cells, the DNA is turned into a messenger. After that, the RNA is used as a blueprint to create specific proteins.
Things To Do After You Have Taken Covid Vaccine
Getting yourself vaccinated is important right now. But at the same time, it can be stressful too, especially in cases when you have been isolated at home for months now. That means you have little or no information about the covid vaccine. Given below are after vaccination precautions you should be adhering to once you have taken the covid vaccine.
- Keep your mask on all the time. Come what may, do not remove it.
- Follow the social distancing norms. Maintain a 1-meter distance when meeting someone.
- Ensure washing your hands when touching the door handles, surfaces, and other parts of the furniture.
- Don’t touch your face in public. First, clean your hands with the sanitizer and then only touch it after waiting for 15 seconds. It’s one of the most important after vaccination precautions.
Things To Keep In Mind After Taking Covid Vaccine
Once you have taken the vaccine, take a rest or take a day off because the vaccine will start its work in 6 to 10 hours. The vaccine will warm your body resulting in mild fever, which will go away in a few hours. Apart from this, there are other after vaccination precautions, which need to be taken care of. Here’s your list.
- Don’t drink alcohol and use tobacco. There is no scientific research to link alcohol or tobacco with the covid vaccine. However, it is still advisable to avoid them as they can lead to side effects of the vaccine. On the other hand, alcohol affects your immune system. As a result, when you consume it after taking the vaccine, your immune system might not respond to the vaccine as it should.
- Don’t think you are 100 percent immune to covid-19 after getting vaccinated. No covid vaccine has a 100 percent success rate. You might get a covid-19 even after being vaccinated a few days back in lack of post-vaccination care. As such, you need to follow all the norms and guidelines laid down by the government.
- Do consult a doctor if you have symptoms related to covid-19, even if you have taken the vaccine. As we said earlier, vaccines will take some time to kick in. You might also feel a little discomfort in the arm in which the vaccine shot has been injected. Take an appointment with your physician if you are experiencing the side effects if they do not subside in a day or two. Also, maintain after vaccination precautions to stay safe and healthy.
- Take care of yourself and do not miss any other medicines that you might be taking already. We would like you to keep a gap of 28 days before taking the second vaccine shot. If it is not possible for you to take the second dose after 28 days, then the doctor must use the other arm or thigh to inject the vaccine.
These were some after vaccination precautions that you need to take after getting the jab. Getting a slot booked for the vaccination is one thing, but taking care of yourself is another. Be sure to follow the guidelines set by the government for the covid-19 and maintain social distancing. Even though you are vaccinated, you can still catch covid-19 and be an asymptotic virus carrier.
People are also reading: