Monday, July 4, 2022

Top 10 Famous Scientists in the world

Scientists have been the cornerstone of human progress. Their innovation, research, and problem-solving approach gave us practical solutions and led to the advancement of knowledge and technology. Wondering who are the top scientists ever? Let’s discuss the top famous scientists in the world and how they shaped the world we live in.

Top 10 Famous Scientists of the world

1. Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein is perhaps the most famous scientist ever. He is known for his work in Theoretical physics. Born in Germany, Einstein came up with the famous equation E = mc ^ {2} in his theory of relativity. This theory was a massive leap, as it bettered our understanding of the universe and its working.

Thanks to the theory, we can explain how objects behave in space-time. His other works include the Brownian motion, the Photoelectric Effect, Unified Field Theory, and more. In 1921, Einstein won the Nobel Prize for the Photoelectric effect, which is based on quantum theory.

 2. Sir Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton was an English physicist, mathematician, and astronomer. For many, he’s the greatest scientist ever in human history. Why? Well, he gave us the laws of motion. These laws later became the base for modern physics. Also, he did remarkable work in the field of optics.

Remember the apple falling from a tree story? The incident led Newton to develop the universal theory of gravity. The theory was the standard until Einstein came up with a theory of relativity. Newton also developed calculus, a field of mathematics that studies rates of change.

3. Marie Curie

Marie Curie

Marie Skłodowska Curie was a chemist and physicist who pioneered the field of radioactivity. When she won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903, she became the first woman to do so. The other Noble came in 1911 for Chemistry, making her the first person to win two different Nobel Prizes.

Her claim to fame is her work in radioactivity, which she applied in the studies of X-ray. She also discovered Radium and Polonium. Unfortunately, Marie died in 1934 due to prolonged exposure to radiation during her research.

 

4. Nikola Tesla

Nikola Tesla

No list of the top scientists in the world is complete without Nikola Tesla. The Serbian engineer and futurist discovered the alternating current electricity supply systems and rotating magnetic fields. If you are enjoying the gift of electricity, thank Tesla. He developed the Tesla coil (a high-voltage transformer). His goal was to transmit power wirelessly. Tesla had a photographic memory.  He could recite a book after just reading it once.

5. Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin

Many might not have expected Charles Darwin to feature among the world’s groundbreaking scientists. However, his Theory of Evolution changed how we perceive evolution. In his theory of evolution, Darwin stated that the species present on earth could change and evolve. These changes depend on environmental factors, not divine intervention.

Darwin came up with this theory in an age of disbelief and skepticism. So naturally, it caused massive unrest among the masses. Despite that, Darwin collected data for over 20 years and then published his findings in his book, “On the Origin of Species.”

6. Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei

Galileo di Vincenzo Bonaiuti de’ Galilei was an astronomer and mathematician, born in Pisa, Italy. He created the world’s first telescope and pointed it to the moon. That marked the beginning of modern astronomy. Some even regard him as the “Father” of modern science because his ideas were ahead of his times. Besides, his contributions in optics, mechanics, and science of motion were path-breaking. He also showed that the Earth revolved around the Sun, and not vice-versa as people believed back then.

 

 7. Michael Faraday

Michael Faraday

Michael Faraday was an English scientist who had a peculiar journey. Since poverty led him to drop out of school, Faraday was mostly self-educated. He discovered Benzene, and his studies widely contributed to electrochemistry and electromagnetism. Faraday worked on magnetic fields around a conductor carrying a direct current. This led him to establish the fundamental concepts of electromagnetism and made him one of the top famous scientists in the world.

 8. Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur

We associate the discovery of vaccination and microbial fermentation with Louis Pasteur. The French biologist and chemist revolutionized medicine in a way no one envisioned. His method of sterilization, known as pasteurization, saved countless lives from infection. He initiated the development of both vaccines for rabies and anthrax. Pasteur was not just a biological scientist but his expertise extended to geology, physics, and chemistry.

9. Blaise Pascal

Blaise Pascal

Blaise Pascal was a French physicist, mathematician, and inventor. As a teenager, he advocated Pascal’s Theorem. When he grew up, he eventually demonstrated the theorem. His obsession with calculative algorithms inspired him to invent mechanical calculators. Also, Pascal performed rigorous research on hydrodynamics and vacuums. His work led to the development of the hydraulic press and syringe.

 

 

10. Thomas Edison

Thomas Edison

Thomas Alva Edison was America’s greatest inventor and a highly successful businessman. He was the founder of General Electric, an engineering conglomerate. In his prolific career, Edison invented several electrical power generation devices, sound recording, and motion pictures.

Edison had over 1000 patents to his name. But his most popular invention was the light bulb, which changed the way we spend our nights. The phonograph and the kinetoscope are his other noteworthy inventions. Wonder why Edison is among the top scientists in the world?

Conclusion

All the famous scientists in the world listed above revolutionized the scientific world with their innovation and research. These individuals helped improve the quality of our lives and solved some nagging issues. If you liked the article, check DuniaKaGyan.com for more quality content.

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Nandini Aggarwal
Nandini Aggarwal
Nandini Agarwal is comfortably asocial, a realist, a feminist and a cell-and-molecule combination of ambition, laziness, and dedication. She is a freelance writer and enjoys learning more than anything. Currently, she is a graduate student. She considers herself a passionate person, interested in sciences and arts and everything in between. Writing is her favorite pastime, and exploring various new fields while she does.

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