Friday, December 2, 2022

What is Cloud Computing?

What is Cloud Computing and why does it matter, if at all? Let’s discuss.


The ARPANET of 1977 and the CSNET in 1981 are the predecessors of today’s NET. The word “cloud” has been used metaphorically since then. In 2006, Amazon came up with internal document mentions and Elastic Compute cloud products. Following the concept, Apple and others started coining terms like General Magic and Telescript.

The major goal behind the tech was to provide users with the advantages of deep technological bases without actually deeply learning them. Along with the user interface, the tech provides users with the operating system level visualization. That translates to enhanced quality of service and reliability.

Cloud computing is the self-managed computer data resources, connecting the data input points in the same real-time. The NIST – National Institute of Standards and Technology defines cloud computing as:

Cloud computing is a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. This cloud model is composed of five essential characteristics, three service models, and four deployment models.”

Cloud Computing Explained

One can loosely define cloud computing as a spider web, wherein various locations are connected at the same time, functions at the same moment, and are interconnected providing the connecting neural similar to space and computing resources provided by the cloud. The cloud can be segregated into three types providing the coherence workspace at economic scale, subject to the usage:

  • Enterprise cloud
  • Public Cloud
  • Hybrid Cloud

Cloud computing allows handy user experience, besides minimizing the infrastructure, IT, space, and time. The cloud works on the blueprints of the pay-as-you-go model, providing the user with minimized budget interfaces for cost-effective operations.

How does computing work?

The clouds are renting resources not owned by the user enterprises or public domains. The cloud services without knowing the actual user manipulation data provide the user with working infrastructure. The user, in return, pays for the services.

The cloud types vary as:

  • Community cloud
  • Distributed cloud
  • Multi-cloud
  • Poly cloud
  • Big data cloud
  • HPC cloud

Service Infrastructure

The cloud consists of basic building blocks as IT, which is Infrastructure as a service, following it the need of maintenance and managing infrastructure for users is handled under Platform as a service and lastly, the software as service provides users a complete set of services that are autonomously managed. The cloud is bifurcated into three major parts:

  • IaaS – Infrastructure as a Service
  • PaaS – Platform as a Service
  • SaaS – Software as a Service

Cloud Services

The cloud service pins numerous services with extra additive features ranging from email, google drive, photos backup, google calendar, translator, shopping finances, google one, hangout, stadia, google docs, google sites and numerous other services.

Every service listed above also brings up different features and interlinked and jammed services, thereby becoming the default for numerous applications. The service vendor uses google services for dealing with data computations.


Marking the FY2019 Linux-based OS are run worldwide providing the high capacity networks, low costings, service-oriented structures, and autonomous nature.

Rounding up to services and usage of cloud computing the outcomes are:

  • Agility
  • Elasticity
  • Global Deployment
  • Cost-saving
  • High security
  • Multitenancy
  • Multi-services
  • High performance

Cloud computing has made business, education, and various dealings easier and hence has gained ground consistently. The computing resources can be simply accessed using your mail account, which not only associates your data and works to your account but also organizes it in a single place. Plus, it gives users data sharing and multiple user editing capabilities.

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Anamika Kalwan
Anamika Kalwan
I am a logophile who loves to write. With an experience of 3+ years, I have passionately contributed my expertise and knowledge to create content in the field of Technical and E-learning based Content Writing.I am a logophile who loves to write. With an experience of 3+ years, I have passionately contributed my expertise and knowledge to create content in the field of Technical and E-learning based Content Writing.

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