Monday, September 25, 2023

Top 10 Longest Rivers in India

India is famous as the land of rivers, as numerous rivers flow across the country. India is the land of rivers, and these mighty water bodies play a huge role in economic development. The rivers in India have been divided into Himalayan Rivers (rivers originating from the Himalayas) and Peninsular Rivers ( rivers arising in the Peninsula ). Dealing with many might sometimes create fuzz, so let’s learn more about them.



INDUS RIVERLength: 3180 km

Annual Flow: 243 cubic km

Origin: Northern slopes of the Kailash Range in Tibet near Lake Manasarovar.

Indus is a transboundary river of Asia and a trans-Himalayan river of South Asia. The river rises in Western Tibet, flows northwest through Ladakh and Gilgit-Baltistan regions of Kashmir, and subdues in Pakistan before emptying into the Arabian Sea near Karachi Port-City. The Zanskar river, Shyok, Hunza, Gilgit, Swat, Kunar, Kabul, Kurram, Gomal, Zhob river, and Panjnad Rivers are its left-bank tributaries, and five major right-bank tributaries, namely Chenab Sutlej, Beas, Jhelum, and Ravi begins in mountains and feds with glaciers and river in the Himalayas.



Discharge (average): 19800 cubic m per sec

Origin: Kailash Range of Himalayas.

Brahmaputra water body in Arunachal Pradesh is a transboundary river flowing through Tibet, India, and Bangladesh. The Brahmaputra is sentenced as the 9th largest in the world discharge flow and the 15th longest river. The Brahmaputra is a mother of agriculture-prone zones and transportation regions. The river is prone to catastrophic flooding in the spring when Himalayan snow melts. The term the Brahmaputra follows Sanskrit, meaning ” son of Brahma.”


GANGA RIVERLength: 2525 kms

Discharge(average): 16648 cubic m per sec

Origin: Gangotri

The Ganges or Ganga is an intra-neighbor-countries river dusting off the thrust of India and Bangladesh. The river rises in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand and flows south and east through the Gangetic plain of North India into Bangladesh and empties into the Bay of Bengal. The Ganges is the most sacred river to Hindus, with the highest tourism treasure bearer per year worldwide. Namely, Ganges’ tributaries are Ramganga, Garra, Gomti, Ghanghara, Gandhak, Burhi Gandhak, Koshi, and Mahananda on the left while Yamuna, Tamsa, Karamnasa, Sone, Punpun, Falgu, Kiul, Damodar, Rupnarayan to the right.


GODAVARI RIVERLength: 1465 km

Discharge(average): 3505 cubic metres per sec

Origin: Brahmagiri Mountain, Tryambkeshwar, Nashik, Maharashtra.

The Godavari waters eat the draining states of Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Orissa. Following an intricate network, the river empties in The Bay of Bengal. The river is so honored with the name ” Dakshin Ganga.”


KRISHNA RIVERLength: 1400 km

Discharge(average): 1641.74 cubic meters per sec

Origin: the Western Ghats at an elevation of about 1337 m north of Mahabaleshwar, about 64 km from the Arabian Sea.

The river, also called ” Krishnaveni,” is one of the significant sources of irrigation for Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh. The tributaries of the river named Bhima, Dindi, Peddavagu, Musi, Paleru, and Munneru on the left, and Kundali, Vienna, Koyna, Ghataprabha, Malaprabha, and Tungabhadra on the right. The river waters several waterfalls, bridges, dams, basins of Krishna, Temples, Flora, and Fauna, and the flow to the Bay of Bengal.


YAMUNA RIVERLength: 1376 kms

Discharge(average): 10400 cu. ft/s

Origin: Yamunotri Glacier at the Bandarpoonch peak in the Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand.

“Jamuna,” nicked by Indian locals, is the second-largest Ganga tributary and the longest in India. The water body crosses several states, viz. Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Delhi, later meeting Tons, Chambal, Sindh, Betwa, and Ken on the way. One official described the river as a sewage drain with biochemical oxygen demand values ranging from 14 to 28 mg per liter and three main pollution sources household, municipal disposal, and soil erosion.


NARMADA RIVERLength: 1312 km

Discharge(average): 1447 cubic metres per sec.

Origin: Near Amarkantak in Madhya Pradesh

The river “Reva” and “Narbada” is what Narmada addressed. The river makes its way through Madhya Pradesh and the Gujarat States. The river was bestowed as ” the lifeline of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat ” for its massive contribution to the states in many ways. Narmada forms a boundary between north and south India and flows eastwards over Amarkantak Plateau before draining through the Gulf of Khambhat.


MAHANADI RIVERLength: 851 km

Discharge(average): 2119 cubic meters per sec.

Origin: Raipur district of Chhattisgarh

The Mahanadi is a major river in east-central India known for the Hirakud Dam, flowing over Chhattisgarh and Odisha. The tributaries of Mahanadi appear to be Senate, Mand, Ib, and Hasdeo on the left, while Ong, Parry, Jonk, and Telen on the right. Like many other seasonal Indian rivers, the Mahanadi is a combination of many mountain streams, and thus, its precise source is impossible to pinpoint.


CAUVERY RIVERLength: 800 km

Discharge(average): 677 cubic meters per sec

Origin: It originates at Talakaveri in the Coorg District of Karnataka in the Brahmagiri Range of hills in the Western Ghats.

The water body flowing through Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, at an elevation of 1,341 m above mean sea level, washes for about 800 km before its outfall into the Bay of Bengal. It is the third-longest river after Godavari and Krishna- in South India and the largest in Tamil Nadu.


TAPI RIVERLength: 724 km

Discharge(average): 489 cubic meters per sec.

Origin: Satpura Range

River Tapti, well localized with the name Tapi is a river in central India between the Godavari and Narmada, which flows westwards before draining into the Arabian Sea. Maharashtra flows into Gujarat, where its mouth is near Surat and is crossed by Magdalla ONGC Bridge.

Hence we end here with the most extended water bodies in India. The river irrigation source, one of the primary water sources, is a transport booster with many applications. Do tell by commenting which river flows by your place or nearby. Awaiting your response!

Anushree Trivedi
Anushree Trivedi
Anushree Trivedi is a 2nd-year chemical engineering undergraduate at HBTU, Kanpur. She is well- versed with content creation and have won various national level accommodates like On-Campus International Hult Prize Competition and emerged as the finalist in the Thermax 2020 challenge. She has also been awarded academic merit (top 0.1%) for the English language. She also serves as an Associate Head of E-Cell HBTU, Content Writer of Alumni Association, and Events Head of Robo Club HBTU.

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