Monday, September 25, 2023

Kalka Shimla Railway- Major Types of Trains in Kalka-Shimla Route

Keen to admire the panoramic views of the “Queen of Hills,” Shimla? Why not take a train from Kalka to Shimla? The Kalka Shimla Railway is more than just a toy train. Instead, it’s your ticket to the region’s imperial history and some breathtaking views. Being a World Heritage site, this railway track has international recognition. The toy train Kalka to Shimla is one of the most implausible achievements of engineering, given the rough, hilly terrain. In comparison to other toy trains, it is capable of covering a long distance, effortlessly.

To know more, proceed to read this article that offers all the information about the Kalka-Shimla Railway Tracks and the toy train.

History and Background

History and BackgroundAfter the first Anglo-Gurkha war, the British came up with a beautiful, sleepy town in the Himalayas, i.e. Shimla, earlier named Simla. In 1864, the British Empire made Shimla their summer capital and used it as headquarters for the British army. However, connectivity was difficult due to the lack of transportation. So, in 1903, the British Empire built the Kalka-Shimla narrow gauge for simple and speedy access to Shimla. And, they called it the “British Jewel of the Orient.”

The Kalka–Shimla Railway is a narrow-gauge railway line spreading across 96.6 km. It was built to connect Shimla with the rest of India. The route features 107 tunnels and 864 bridges, which makes it so exciting. H. S. Harington was the project’s chief engineer during the time of construction.

The Kalka Shimla Railway is a single track covering a functioning rail link created in the mid-nineteenth century. It is a symbol of incredible technical and material endeavours that opens up an enclave to the mountain populations. The world’s highest multi-arc gallery bridge and longest tunnel (during construction) were testaments to the amazing engineering skills.

There are 864 bridges on the railway, with a prevailing elevation of 3%. Moreover, there are 919 curves, out of which the steepest is 48 degrees. This toy train track begins at 656 meters and terminates at 2,076 meters in Shimla. During that time, It employed 20.8 kg/m rail, but after some time, 29.8 kg/m rail was eventually installed. There were a total of 109 tunnels at the beginning, but severe landslides caused destruction, and the tunnels were reduced to 102 tunnels.

Description of the Toy Train Journey

Description of the Toy Train JourneyThe Kalka-Shimla toy train ride was introduced in 1903 and is still considered one of India’s most spectacular technological accomplishments. Being one of India’s most incredible toy trains, the Kalka-Shimla Toy Train covers a distance of 96 kilometers in length. It offers the best and prominent scenic train rides because of the route it travels. The track includes a broad array of awe-inspiring vistas.

Throughout Kalka via Shimla, this voyage goes on a narrow gauge, showcasing passengers with stunning vistas of waterfalls, Rocky Mountains, thick pine woods, valleys, and picture-perfect hill stations along the way. All of which will entice you to dismount and revel in their glory. The miniature train covers 16 different stations before its final arriving station in Shimla.

People can enjoy all the scenic views of several tourist attractions through single-ticket purchases. The entire journey roughly takes five and a half hours to cover all the 864 bridges, 102 tunnels, and 919 breathtaking curves.

Direction and Route of Railway

Passengers on the Kalka-Shimla railway might encounter incredible and beautiful scenery and enclaves that can fascinate them to the fullest. The path begins at zero meters in Kalka and winds its way upwards along the narrow track. The train begins going steeply at 656 meters, travelling through 18 stations before arriving in Shimla, which is at the height of 2, 076 meters in the Himalayan foothills.

The train’s speed decreases as it ascends steep mountains and turns. Following are those 18 stations where this toy train halts:

  • Taksal
  • Gumman
  • Koti
  • Sonwara
  • Dharampura
  • Kumarhatti
  • Barog
  • Solan
  • Salogra
  • Kandaghat
  • Kanoh
  • Kathleeghat
  • Shoghi
  • Taradevi
  • Jutoh
  • Summer Hill
  • Shimla

All of the above 18 stations contain small tea and snacks stalls that offer local food items to the passengers to make their journey more interesting. The Barog Station holds the utmost popularity among all these stations because of the longest tunnel and the bridge offering mesmerizing view.

This tunnel counts as number 33, which is about 1143.61 meters long, and the bridge holds the number 226 in counting. This bridge is another fascinating engineering testament that passes through a deep valley between steep hills on both sides.

Territorial Regions That the Railway Covers

The Kalka-Shimla railway line travels through three regions in two Indian states:

  1. In the Panchkula district of Haryana, from Kalka station until just before Taksal.
  2. In the Himachal Pradesh state of Himachal Pradesh, from Taksal till near Kathlee Ghat.
  3. From Kathlee Ghat to the end of the route, that is the Shimla station in the Himachal Pradesh district.

Major Types of Trains in Kalka-Shimla Route

Major Types of Trains in Kalka-Shimla Route

There are mainly six types of trains in the Kalka-Shimla Route. These are as follows:

1. Shivalik Deluxe Express

The Shivalik Deluxe Express train travels amid Kalka to Shimla and is numbered as 52451. The first-day departure of the Shivalik Deluxe Express train departs Kalka at 05:20 a.m. and arrives at Shimla station at 10:00 a.m.

The Kalka Shimla Shivalik Deluxe Express train travels 96 km in total. This Deluxe Express train travels at an average speed of 20.57 km per hour. Additionally, the Shivalik Deluxe Express train also operates return services, with train 52452 departing Shimla at 5:50 p.m. and arriving at Kalka at 10:35 p.m. The train consists of a total of 10 coaches with chair cars and avails meals service to its passengers.

2. Kalka Shimla Express

The Kalka Shimla Express train travels amid Kalka to Shimla and is numbered as 52453. This train departs Kalka at 5.45 a.m. and arrives at 11:35 a.m. at the last station Shimla. The Kalka Shimla Express offers first and second-class seating to the passengers who book the tickets earlier. Also, it has unreserved seating arrangements for the last moment passengers.

3. Himalayan Queen Express

The Himalayan Queen Express train route has nine stops and is fortified with standard car seats. Passengers can disembark at any of the stops along the trip to feed their eyes and souls with stunning landscapes and mesmerizing views.

At 12:10 p.m., it departs Kalka and arrives in Shimla at 5:30 p.m. Afterwards, it leaves Shimla at 10:25 a.m. and arrives at 4:10 p.m. at Kalka. The Himalayan Queen Express train number is 52455 that travels from Kalka to Shimla, whereas the train running from Kalka to Shimla is 52456.

4. Kalka Shimla Passenger

The Kalka Shimla Passenger train connects Kalka and Shimla. The Express is denoted with the number 52459. It departs Kalka at 05:10 a.m. and arrives at Shimla station at 09:50 a.m. The Kalka Shimla Passenger Train travels 94 kilometres in total at an average speed of 20.21 kilometres per hour. (52459) The Kalka Shimla Passenger train also offers return services, with train No. 52460 leaving Shimla at 5:25 p.m. and ending at Kalka station at 10:05 p.m.

5. Rail Motor Express

The Rail Motor Express consists of a glass roof and offers a scenic front view to the passengers. This train has a resemblance to a bus and can carry up to 18 passengers. There is only one stop in Barog, and it is an expedited service with food. It travels twice a day from Kalka to Shimla and Shimla to Kalka.

The train number is 72451, and it departs at 5 a.m. from Kalka and arrives in Shimla at 9:20 a.m. Again, in the evening, at 4:55 p.m., it leaves Shimla and arrives in Kalka at 9:25 p.m.

6. Shivalik Queen

In the Shivalik Queen train, a ten-carrier premium fleet is available. Each carriage includes wall-to-wall carpets, two restrooms, and wide windows and carries up to eight people. The Chandigarh office of the Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) governs this service.

Reservation Procedures of the Toy Trains

The reservation procedures are very simple and easier to carry. The passengers can avail the tickets for the Kalka-Shimla toy train at the railway stations. You can also book the tickets from the official websites of IRCTC (Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation).

Moreover, you can check the offers and special packages to avail the fascinating and overwhelming services from the heritage carriage trains. These trains are Shivalik Queen and Shivalik Deluxe Express that offer enthralling services to their passengers. To get the best and special offers, you can check the official IRCTC website.


This article covers every single detail about the Kalka Shimla Railway Tracks and trains. We hope that it can clear all doubts and curiosities you hold for this heritage. IRCTC has offered one of the best gifts to the passengers of the Kalka-Shimla toy train. Now you can easily plan your small trip with your friends and families and enjoy it.

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Satwick Ghosh
Satwick Ghosh
For more than 5 years, Satwick Ghosh has penned gadgets, different technology, and video game-related nerd-copy for various publications. He now brings his knowledge and skillset to as a Technical Content Writer. When he isn’t staring at a monitor and churning out a tech copy, Satwick dives into vigorous research work and tinkers with his devices to render andTried and Tested and solutions through his troubleshooting guides. As his favorite pastime, he likes to collect good books and enjoys cooking delicious dishes.

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