Saturday, June 10, 2023

Top 10 Math Project Ideas for all Levels

Looking for math project ideas? Read on, as here’s your chance to be in the know.

John Von Neumann once famously stated, “In mathematics, you don’t understand things; you just get used to them.” He was referring to the fact that difficult concepts and logical reasoning involved in math do not always go well with our general understanding. You need to explore and practice these concepts even if you fail to understand the underlying reasons or principles behind them. And, that’s where math projects kick in, promoting a better understanding of complex concepts.

Importance of Math Projects:

Whether you are looking for maths project ideas for school or college, it is vital to understand how exactly a math project can help. So, here’re a few reasons that underline the importance of projects.

1. Concepts in Action:

You might understand a given mathematical concept but how about applying it? When you do that, you know how relevant math is in real-life situations and how you can solve problems through it.

2. Rational Thinking:

When doing a project in math, you have to analyze data and come up with creative solutions for complex problems while staying rational. The rational thinking and problem-solving mindset, thus developed, help you succeed in your personal, professional, and social life as well.

3. Practical Experience:

In a math project, you usually perform an activity, which allows you the luxury of hands-on learning. And, when you learn by doing, the otherwise difficult concepts become easy and the learning stays with you for longer.

4. Team Work:

Some mathematics projects require you to work in teams. In that case, you end up learning how to work as a team, do your bit, and effectively communicate with other team members. Mind you, you have to have collaboration and communication skills for success in your career and relationships.

5. Out-of-the-Box Thinking:

There is a constant need to think creatively to pull off a project. When all approaches fail, you have to think out of the box to solve a given problem. You, thus, learn to create your own strategies.

6. Presentation Skills:

Once the project is over, you have to present your findings and conclusions for evaluation. This allows you to learn presentation skills, through which you can convey data clearly and precisely.

In short, a mathematics project helps you understand complex concepts, apply concepts to real-life situations, develop some important life traits, and make learning more enjoyable and meaningful.

Top 10 Math Project Ideas

Here are the top 10 math project ideas to help nurture future mathematicians. These projects are unique, engaging, and easy to execute. Just follow some simple instructions, and you are sorted.

1. Makedo Wind ball

Makedo Wind ball

How about using some square-shaped cardboard to create a spherical artifact? Yes, we are referring to the Makedo wind ball. It’s easy to create, and highly engaging and learning-oriented geometry-based project. The idea behind this project is that no perfect sphere exists but you can use shapes like triangles, hexagons, and squares to create spherical shapes. Here’re the details.


  • Makedo parts like connectors, hinges, and pins
  • Cardboard, plastic sheets, or any lightweight material
  • Scissors, Markers, and Wind Turbine Kit


Here’s how to go by:

Step 1: Decide the Shape:

First, decide how big you want your Mekado ball to be. Remember, bigger balls require more effort, time, and materials. Also, decide whether it will have a simple spherical shape or a complex one.

Step 2: Get the Materials Done:

Now, it’s time to cut the chosen material into triangle, hexagon, and square shapes, as per your preference. Mind you, the number of pieces should be in proportion to the intended ball’s size.

Step 3: Connect the Pieces:

Next, you need to join the pieces together using connectors, hinges, and pins. They ship the Mekado kit with an instruction manual, which you should follow when joining the pieces for better results. Also, make sure that the final structure has sufficient space inside it to hold the wind turbine.

Step 4: Install the Wind Turbine:

Finally, it’s time to install the wind turbine to the ball. However, ensure the ball is placed such that it can attract wind. You can always refer to the instructions that come with the turbine kit if you need help. Once your Mekado ball is in place, you can get outdoors to see how it performs.


It can be a fun and educational activity to understand the concept of recycling, construction, and prototypes.

2. Harmonograph


The history of harmonographs dates back to the 1840s and they continue to be popular even today. With just a pendulum and a pen, they can generate geometric shapes and patterns that seem like endless designs on paper. Guess what? They do not need any outside intervention. Rather, they work on the principle of energy transfer between the pendulums and the oscillating pens.

Why not consider creating a harmonograph for your math project? Here’s what you need.


Even the material requirements are simple. You just need the following basic materials:

  • A Base
  • Pendulums
  • Strings
  • Pens


Step 1: Get the Frame Ready:

You can begin by putting in place a strong frame that can bear the weight of the instrument and let it function smoothly. Your options include wood, steel, aluminum, or any strong and stable material.

Step 2: Install the Pendulum:

Now, fix the pendulums to the base in a way that they suspend freely. You are better off using use high tension wires that can sustain the pendulum’s weight. Mind you, fragile wires can compromise the entire math project. Also, ensure leaving room for adjusting the pendulums’ height.

Step 3: Attach Pens:

Once the pendulums are securely in place, you should attach pens to them. Ideally, the weight and size of the pens should be different to see variety in the harmonograph patterns.

Step 4: Get the Surface Done:

The harmonograph needs a surface, usually paper, to draw patterns on. So, you have to have it in place just beneath the harmonograph. Ensure placing it securely so that it stays in place.

Step 5: Give it a Swing:

Now, it’s time to push the pendulums gently and make them oscillate. As the pendulums move over the paper surface, you can expect some mesmerizing patterns that seem to go on endlessly.

Step 6: Observe and Analyze:

Eventually, you can observe and analyze the patterns created on the paper. Write down your findings on a piece of paper while also explaining the mathematical principles and concepts at work.


A harmonograph is an exciting math project to work on and can be helpful for students interested in engineering and design. It helps you explore a variety of concepts, including pendulum motion, harmonic motion, and the interaction of multiple pendulums.

3. Euler’s Disk

Euler’s DiskThink of the device as a scientific toy wherein, a flat metal disk spins freely on a specially designed base. While doing so, the device teaches us some interesting concepts of rotational motion. The disk spins perpetually without any external stimuli, giving you the illusion that it is battery-powered. The disk slows down due to the friction between it and the base. When that happens, you will notice a tilt in the disk, which creates a precession effect. It presents a beautiful synergy of gravity, friction, and motion.


  • A lustrous disk
  • A strong base
  • A round mirror

You can also a few drops of oil or other lubricants to lubricate the surface. It’s optional. 


You need to follow the following steps to pull off the math project.

Step 1:

You can start by setting up the stand securely on a steady surface.

Step 2:

Now, carefully install the mirror on the base.

Step 3:

Once the mirror is in place, you need to place the disk at the center of the mirror.

Step 4:

It’s time to give a mild clockwise spin to the disk. The disk will rotate in an orbital pattern while creating a hum. Feel free to try out varied rotating speeds and surface materials to get varying patterns. Tips: You can use the lubricant on the disk surface to counter the friction.


Euler’s disk helps us understand gravity, angular momentum, friction, and resonance.

4. Pythagoras’ Theorem

Pythagoras TheoremThe Pythagoras theorem is always tricky to understand and visualize through mathematical equations. As such, it is helpful for students if they can find visual proof of the theorem. It’ll help them understand this geometrical concept and, at the same time, build their understanding of construction. No wonder, it is one of the most popular math project ideas for school students.


  • A Few Square and Rectangle-shaped Lego Bricks
  • A Sturdy Base Plate to Hold the Lego Bricks


Step 1: Place the Lego Bricks Right:

To begin with, place the Lego bricks in such a way that you get several right-angle triangles. Prefer using different-colored bricks for the sides of the triangle to suggest their corresponding lengths.

Step 2: Measure the Sides:

Now, take a scale and measure and label the arms of the triangle. It’s important to be accurate with your measurements or the calculations will go wrong. That will defeat the purpose of the project.

Step 3: Prove the Theorom:

It’s time to do the math. Just sum up the lengths of the two shorter arms and then compute the square of the length of the hypotenuse. In all likelihood, the values will be equal, which proves the theorem. Feel free to rearrange the arms to further establish the theorem.

Tips: When presenting the project, you should include explanations and diagrams to help your readers to understand the concept. You can even provide real-life use cases of the theorem.


This class 10 math project enables students with a more creative mindset to understand mathematical concepts while staying in their comfort zone.

5. Sierpinski Triangle and Pyramid

Sierpinski Triangle and PyramidHow fractals work is common knowledge. For starters, Fractals are repetitive geometric patterns. They are usually complex to understand and constitute many varied versions of themselves in a clustered format. Fractals are used in electrical engineering and computer graphics. They help uncover a variety of naturally existing facts and their applications.

The Sierpinski triangle is the most fundamental of all fractals. Its general shape can be called an equilateral triangle, constituting varied smaller equilateral patterns in a complex format. The shape makes it easier to understand how such complex structures can be formed just by one basic shape. And its recursion makes it seem endless as each triangle consists of three smaller triangles, and this pattern continues recursively.


Use legos to create a visual representation of an endless pattern. That makes it easier to understand fractals and various other concepts related to triangles and geometry.

6. Estimating Pi

Estimating PiPi is usually considered a term that helps calculate values related to a circle. Students might be unaware of the existence of pi in other mathematical applications and naturally occurring places.

One of the best ways to understand pi is through a simple math project, Buffon’s needle experiment. It’s based on the concepts of probability and statistics. Students can find the estimated value of pi with the help of throwing or dropping needles aboard. We can also use toothpicks to create a safe experimental environment.

This experiment measures the length of the needle to be thrown and then retraces its length on the board. Ensure the lines are equidistant and one needle length apart. Each toothpick or needle is then dropped on the board, and a formula is used to get an approximate value of pi. This project only requires needles or toothpicks, with a board and a marker.


The formula is 2 X (no. of times the needle is dropped / no. of times the needle crosses the lines). The experiment aims to provide an understanding of multiple applications of pi.

7. Pencil Star

Pencil StarMathematically we can create various parabolic diagrams with the help of straight lines without being good at it. One such complex diagrammatic structure is the hexastix. It comprises hexagonal prisms that intersect each other. The shape, at first glance, seems a very complex and impossible structure to create. But it can be broken down into simpler shapes to make it easier to recreate.

To create a complex hexastix, you require about 72 pencils and elastic bands. You are better off using blunt or completely unsharpened pencils for easy handling. You can vary pencil-like objects like markers, colored pens, or pencils to create a unique hexastix.


You can create various other designs using hexastix once you understand the creation of parabolic curves with the help of straight lines. Also, it enhances the artistic abilities of students as well as their engineering skills.

8. Pi Poster

Pi PosterPi is a never-ending, irrational number that does not consist of a pattern. But, for a second keep, this thought out of consideration and took the first thousand digits of pi. You might end up seeing a pattern or a consistency in the number.

This mathematics project can help visualize the inconsistent patterns in irrational numbers. This can be done by representing each digit with a distinct color and using that color to represent the digits in the number pi in colored dots. The idea of visualizing the values of pi colorfully was devised in 2013 by Martin Krzywinski.

This maths project not only helps in a better understanding of irrational numbers but also helps create an understanding of data analytics and number theory skills. This creative Algebraic project can be done just with the help of various colors and cardboard. It is an exciting project, even though it consumes time.

9. Volume by Slicing

Volume by slicingThis unique and exciting experiment helps showcase a connection between the area and volume of specific shapes. Volume is usually thought of as mathematical equations, making it difficult for students to visualize volume as a three-dimensional property. The experiment is designed to help them visualize and differentiate between two-dimensional properties like area and three-dimensional properties like volume.

This project is based on the fact that volume is usually calculated by adding the two-dimensional values of the area. For example, if we intend to calculate the volume of a shape that is not basic, like a tumbler, a vase, or a flower pot, the best way is to dissect them into two-dimensional shapes like circles or squares rectangles. Finally, you must add their overall area to find the volume.


This maths project is easy to pull off, requiring a vase, cardstock paper, and beads. This project helps in understanding various concepts related to calculus and design.

10. Archimedes Trammel

Archimedes Trammel

This mechanism is also called an ellipsograph or the ‘nothing machine’. An Archimedes Trammel is used to create perfect elliptical shapes. It is a valuable and engaging project despite the time it takes to construct this machine. Initially, the machine seems to do nothing of substance. However, if used correctly, it can create various shapes.

This structure can be built with various materials in various ways. Many tutorials can be found online on how to create Archimedes Trammel. The project helps students understand the concept of geometry and calculus and nurtures their construction, design, and engineering skills.


This project will help the students understand concepts related to geometry, ellipses, and engineering. Plus, it is the easiest mathematical way to create perfect elliptical shapes.

Maths Project Ideas: Honorary mentions

There are a lot of other math project ideas that can also be used to educate students on various mathematical concepts. Take, for instance, the Honeycomb wall art project, which focuses on the efficiency of hexagons as a stable shape and helps understand geometric and algebra-related concepts. Similarly, other geometric projects like Snowflake designing and leaf tessellation are also helpful in nurturing construction and design skills. Other honorary mentions include AxiDraw, Sand Pendulum, and Mirror Symmetry.


So, these were some of the exciting maths project ideas that can help students understand various mathematical concepts and nurture varied skill sets. Geometry and Algebra seem to be the best possible subjects that can be explained through these projects.

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Rohit Kumar
Rohit Kumar
Passionate about content quality and attention to detail, Rohit has penned over 15,000 copies for some of the leading online and offline publications in his eight-year career. Currently heading the content team at Dunia Ka Gyan, he believes in team spirit, ingenuity, and reader satisfaction.

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