Monday, July 4, 2022

Top 10 Math Project Ideas

Looking for math project ideas? Read on, here’s your chance to be in the know.

John Von Neumann once famously stated, “In mathematics, you don’t understand things; you just get used to them.” However, with the ability to practically experiment and visualize things in real life, it is not an impossible task, even if it’s mathematics.

You can develop a better understanding of anything through mathematics project ideas and small developmental assignments. Such projects can help students get familiar with different mathematical concepts, and eventually, enjoy mathematics as a subject.

Listed here are the top 10 math project ideas that can help nurture future mathematicians. These projects are unique and can be followed through simple instructions.

Top 10 Math Project Ideas

1. Makedo Wind ball

Makedo Wind ballThe Makedo wind ball is a geometry-based project. It involves cupboards and their assembly to produce varied art. The idea behind this project is that no perfect sphere exists and shapes like triangles, hexagons, and squares can be used to create spherical shapes. The make-do wind ball simply explains this abstract idea. Here, you take existing squared shapes to form spherical shapes.

To start with, take a 12-inch square and collect 32 pieces of the same size. As these pieces are connected to create an almost spherical shape, there will be some left-out spaces or holes within the structure. With each space filled with smaller squares, the shape will resemble a sphere. However, no matter how precisely each square is placed, the structure will feature holes.


This project helps in understanding concepts, such as recycling, construction, and creating prototypes. It can be categorized as an engineering geometry project.

2. Harmonograph

HarmonographA harmonograph, just like its name, creates harmonized geometric shapes and patterns that seem like endless designs. To create a harmonograph, only pendulums and a pen is required. It uses oscillation and is free from any outside intervention. The harmonograph is a process that works through the energy transfer between the pendulums and the oscillating pens. This creates unique art forms depending on the oscillation.

There are various articles and websites present online that can help you with the working of a harmonograph and its construction. You can always create prototypes to experiment with the construction to make it unique. You’ll require different materials depending on your project requirements.


Harmonograph is an exciting math project to work on and can be helpful for students interested in engineering and designing. It helps students to understand geometric art.

3. Euler’s Disk

Euler’s DiskThe Euler’s disk can be considered a scientific toy. It’s apt to understand the concepts of energy conservation and demonstrates kinetic and potential energy in a simple and easy way. As the spinning disk provides the illusion of a battery-operated or a never-ending spin, the concepts of natural physics and its varied principles can be explained.

The disk keeps the students entertained, making it easier and fun for them to understand and visualize difficult topics like energy conservation. Additionally this cool scientific and mathematical project does not require any other supplies other than the disk itself. You don’t need to build anything and can still help the students understand some key concepts.


Euler’s disk helps understand concepts related to gravity, momentum, and magnetics.

4. Pythagoras Theorem

Pythagoras TheoremThe Pythagoras theorem is always a tricky concept to understand and visualize through mathematical equations. As such, it is helpful for students if they can find visual proof of the theorem. It’ll not only help them in understanding this geometrical concept but at the same time build their understanding of construction as well.

This project aids stress relief and is creative. All you require are some legos and a base plate. Students can visualize the concept and create triangles with legos, which helps them grasp the concept of how the equation is practically applicable and effective in all cases.


This class 10 math project enables students with a more creative mindset to understand mathematical concepts while staying in their comfort zone.

5. Sierpinski Triangle and Pyramid

Sierpinski Triangle and PyramidHow fractals work is common knowledge. For starters, Fractals are repetitive geometric patterns. They are usually complex to understand and constitute a lot of varied versions of themselves in a clustered format. Fractals are used in electrical engineering and computer graphics. They help uncover a variety of naturally existing facts and their applications.

The Sierpinski triangle is the most fundamental of all fractals. Its general shape can be referred to as an equilateral triangle, constituting varied smaller equilateral patterns in a complex format. The shape makes it easier to understand how such complex structures can be formed just by one basic shape. And, its recursion makes it seem endless as each triangle consists of three smaller triangles and this pattern continues recursively.


Use legos to create a visual representation of an endless pattern. That makes it easier to understand fractals and various other concepts related to triangles and geometry.

6. Estimating Pi

Estimating PiPi is usually considered a term that helps calculate values related to a circle. Students might be unaware of the existence of pi in other mathematical applications and naturally occurring places.

One of the best ways to understand pi is through a simple math project, Buffon’s needle experiment. It’s based on the concepts of probability and statistics. The estimated value of pi can be found by students with the help of throwing or dropping needles aboard. We can also use toothpicks to create a safe experimental environment.

This experiment is conducted by measuring the length of the needle to be thrown and then retracing its length on the board. Ensure the lines are equidistant and one needle length apart. Each toothpick or needle is then dropped on the board and then a formula is used to get an approximate value of pi. This project only requires some needles or toothpicks, with a board and a marker.


The formula is 2 X (no. of times the needle is dropped / no. of times the needle crosses the lines). The experiment aims to provide an understanding of multiple applications of pi.

7. Pencil Star

Pencil StarMathematically we can create various parabolic diagrams just with the help of straight lines without being any good at it. One such complex diagrammatic structure is the hexastix. It comprises hexagonal prisms that intersect each other. The shape at the first glance seems a very complex and impossible structure to create. But it can be broken down into simpler shapes to make it easier to recreate.

To create a complex hexastix, you require about 72 pencils and elastic bands. You are better off using blunt or completely unsharpened pencils for easy handling. You can vary pencil-like objects like markers, color pens, or pencils to create a unique hexastix.


Various other designs can be created using hexastix if you understand the creation of parabolic curves with the help of straight lines. Also, it enhances the artistic abilities of students as well as their engineering skills.

8. Pi Poster

Pi PosterPi is a never-ending, irrational number that does not consist of a pattern. But, for a second keep this thought out of consideration and take the first thousand digits of pi. You might end up seeing a pattern or a consistency in the number.

This mathematics project can help in visualizing the said inconsistency of patterns in the irrational number. This can be done by representing each digit with a distinct color and using that color to represent the digits in the number pi in the form of colored dots. The idea of visualizing the values of pi colorfully was devised in 2013 by Martin Krzywinski.

This maths project not only helps in a better understanding of irrational numbers but at the same time helps in creating an understanding of data analytics and number theory skills. This creative Algebraic project can be done just with the help of various colors and cardboard. It is an interesting project even though it consumes time.

9. Volume by Slicing

Volume by slicingThis unique and interesting experiment helps showcase a connection between the area and volume of specific shapes. Volume is usually thought of in the form of mathematical equations, which makes it difficult for students to visualize volume as a three-dimensional property. The experiment is designed to help them visualize and differentiate between two-dimensional properties like area and three-dimensional properties like volume.

This project is based on the fact that volume is usually calculated by adding the two-dimensional values of the area. For example, if we intend to calculate the volume of a shape that is not basic like a tumbler, a vase, or a flower pot, the best way is to dissect them into two-dimensional shapes like circles or squares, or rectangles. Finally, you need to add up their overall area to find the volume.


This maths project is easy to pull off, requiring a vase, cardstock paper, and beads. This project helps in understanding various concepts related to calculus and design.

10. Archimedes Trammel

Archimedes Trammel

This mechanism is also referred to as an ellipsograph or the ‘nothing machine’. An Archimedes Trammel is used to create perfect elliptical shapes. It is a useful and engaging project despite the time it takes to construct this machine. Initially, the machine seems to do nothing of substance. However, if used properly, it can create various shapes.

This structure can be built with various materials in various ways. Many tutorials can be found online on how to create Archimedes Trammel. The project helps students understand the concept of geometry and calculus and nurtures their construction, design, and engineering skills.


This project will help the students in understanding concepts related to geometry, ellipses, and engineering. Plus, it is the easiest mathematical way to create perfect elliptical shapes.

Maths Project Ideas: Honorary mentions

There are a lot of other math project ideas that can also be used to educate students on various mathematical concepts. Take, for instance, the Honeycomb wall art project, which focuses on the efficiency of hexagons as a stable shape and helps in understanding geometric and algebra-related concepts. Similarly, other geometric projects like Snowflake designing and leaf tessellation are also useful in nurturing construction and design skills. Other honorary mentions include AxiDraw, Sand Pendulum, and Mirror Symmetry.


So, these were some of the interesting maths project ideas that can help students understand various mathematical concepts and nurture varied skill sets. Geometry and Algebra seem to be the best possible subjects that can be explained through these projects.

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